Fullerenes & Buckeyballs
"In 1985, laboratory chemists synthesized unique, hollow, carbon-rich molecules shaped like soccer balls. They named these new molecules “fullerenes” (or “buckeyballs”) after the late Buckminster Fuller, famous for his geodesic dome architectural structures.
Fullerenes were basically molecular hexagons and pentagons bound together into hollow cages. Each carbon atom served not only to hold the molecule together, but also as a point of attachment for an external atom or molecule. This structure gave rise to a staggering number of chemical combinations. Fullerenes became the “tinker toys” of nanotube technology, giving rise to all sorts of innovations from drug delivery systems to solar cells to bulletproof vests.
In 1991, Science magazine distinguished fullerenes as the “molecule of the year,” and in 1996, the scientists who originated them were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
When synthesized in the lab, fullerenes were considered nonexistent in nature. But in 1992, they were discovered in shungite! To this day, scientists remain mystified about how these unique molecules were able to form. They require very high temperatures and pressures; therefore, the top two theories of origin involve lightning strikes and meteorites.
Fullerenes are not abundant in shungite, despite what you might read. In fact, they’ve only been found in elite (noble) shungite and black shungite, with a greater proportion in the elite. One analysis estimated fullerenes to represent only 0.0001 to 0.0001 percent by weight.
Shungite contains seven types of fullerenes, containing between 24 and 70 carbon atoms, but from what I understand, only the larger fullerenes (60 and 70 carbons) have the desired stability.
Naturally occurring-fullerenes have the additional property of encapsulating water and gases (helium for one) inside their hollow carbon vaults.
Natural fullerenes are members of a highly exclusive club. Since their discovery in shungite, they have been found in fulgurites (glassy rocks produced by lightning strikes), meteorite impact craters, lava flows, coal, fossilized dinosaur eggs, and cosmic dust from planetary nebulae. Personally, I vote for the meteorite impact theory.
Shungite for Inflammation, Immune Function & Detoxification
The Karelians have utilized fullerenes for centuries without knowing what they were. It’s believed the healing properties of the spring water that flows through shungite outcrops is a result of the fullerenes. Shungite is one of nature’s gifts for cleansing the environment, but it may have equally impressive effects for cleansing our bodies. Shungite can be consumed orally or applied topically via shungite water , or the stones can be worn on or close to the body."