Lobbyvoice is a website where issues are created and supported by users. The popularity of the issue determines how much support it will receive. Any amount between $1 and $100 can be pledged by a single user toward an issue in the form of bitcoin, either directly from the user’s digital wallet or by converting their preferred method of payment through a third party. Pledges combined together are placed into a basket, and remain there until conditions of the issue are met by a successful applicant (see 3. Applicants below). The technical aspect of the pledge basket consists of a bitcoin address, contained within a smart contract that delegates the specific conditions by which the value is to be released to a successful applicant. As soon as user submits issue accompanied by their initial pledge, a bitcoin transaction is created, and a new wallet is automatically opened that the pledges for that particular issue will be placed in. Each pledge is recorded as a transaction on the blockchain. This serves two purposes: 1) the recording of pledges and results surrounding each issue as they appear on the blockchain can be reviewed at any time by any member of the public, which upholds transparency of the process as a whole; 2) once an entry is placed on the blockchain it becomes solidified within confirmed blocks and cannot be altered; this provides incontrovertible evidence of the actual events associated with each issue (i.e. amounts, values and sum totals of pledges, results and outcomes of change to policy or creation of new autonomous entities to implement solutions to issues, distribution of funds to successful applicants). 2. Issues: Tying a Vote to a Value Example: Bob is a registered user of Lobbyvoice. Bob creates an issue to abolish the U.S. income tax, and he makes a pledge of $10. His pledge is sent to a bitcoin address with an accompanying smart contract, and recorded as a transaction on the blockchain. Over the next year, 250 million more pledges of $10 each are made in support of this issue, creating a value in the same bitcoin address of just over $2.5 billion. If $2.5 billion isn’t enough to influence an applicant to be effective in achieving the desired result, Bob and all who joined in pledging to his issue have the choice to increase their pledges to $100 each, bringing the total to just over $25 billion. It is important to consider that the pledge process itself has a two-fold result. It gives substantial weight to the average individual’s opinion, but also, equally as important, it accurately depicts the amount of people that share a particular viewpoint. Aside from whether the amount pledged is sufficient to achieve the result, the pledge process itself provides evidence of the desire by users to affect policy, and the blockchain entries serve to solidify this evidence. If no milestones have been met, values are returned. 3. Applicants An applicant is a firm, group or individual who completes the tasks of the terms embedded within the smart contract associated with an issue created by Lobbyvoice users and their pledges. The applicant publicly, in an open source fashion, announces and orchestrates a plan to complete the terms and may be awarded the value within the contract. Applicants can be anyone from around the world. Applicants are programmers, security experts, lawyers, writers, scientists, engineers, or anyone with the skills and ability to utilize a development process already in place such as Ethereum Frontier. The foundation of the smart contract consists of an open wiki to start, in order to display the applicants’ progress on the front end. Example 1: Bob, a Lobbyvoice user, creates an issue where he would like a law passed such that insurance companies would use transparency and be not-for-profit, and that the money paid in as premiums, if not used through claims, could be apportioned back. So Bob pledges $1.00 and posts his issue on Lobbyvoice. Bob adjusts the settings for a six-month milestone to reach 10,000 supporters all pledging at least $1.00. Bob’s issue attracts applicants to begin to brainstorm and create on the open wiki. It becomes clear that the applicants can create a decentralized autonomous organization that handles insurance which is capable of operating within the terms set out according to Bob’s written issue. So Bob becomes excited about the prospects of creating a decentralized autonomous corporation, run in a completely transparent way, with terms that Bob is agreeable to when choosing insurance. He then pledges $99.00 more of his own money, prompting other pledgers to join in. Another milestone is reached at 100,000 pledges, all varying in amounts between $1.00 and $100.00, finally reaching enough to equal the amount of the proposed plan by the applicants. Through a transparent democratic voting process, the applicants win the award to build the infrastructure of the decentralized autonomous insurance organization. And instead of changing or creating any laws, Bob has simply made the issue obsolete and the old method of insurance as well. Popular consensus and the law of the value becomes the law of the land. Now either other insurance companies will follow suit and operate according to the decentralized autonomous model, or they may cease to exist altogether. Example 2: Given the mess that has been created between the FCC, Congress and a handful of telecommunications companies over the existing issue of net neutrality, the U.S. and potentially the world sees itself at a crossroads. On the one hand, the FCC is essentially holding back telecommunications from the ability to dole out access speeds as they see fit, opening a veritable Pandora’s Box of Internet traffic flow discrimination (i.e., fast lanes and slow lanes). On the other hand, if the ruling in favor of the FCC stands, that they in effect have the power to oversee Internet, then we would be under the thumb of the FCC’s often onerous regulations. Both scenarios present a shit sandwich. John, a Lobbyvoice user, understands this to be the case, and writes an issue to fund a decentralized, autonomous organization (#DAO) to replace the infrastructure currently manipulated by these telecommunications companies. Say this organization would need $2 billion to fund the personnel and equipment to raise a separate network on a single continent or in a single country, an initial test area - one that is run according to the voices and votes of the consumer (like a co-op). Once the issue is published on the Lobbyvoice platform, applicants can begin drafting proposals Lobbyvoice’s open wiki. If 20 million users pledge $100 each, the milestone for this infrastructure will be met. The amount of users needed to reach this milestone is 0.05% of the total population of the U.S. The applicants’ specific job is to develop an architectural landscape that addresses an issue by building or implementing a decentralized, distributed global network structure with Ethereum to ensure that a solution, through consensus, is reached to fulfill the goal(s) of an issue. Most likely the solutions will be in the form of open ledgers, and certain groups will build ledgers for many different purposes within Lobbyvoice. These ledgers are simply verification tools to communicate with Lobbyvoice issued smart contracts.These contracts have terms specific to searchable databases such as the code of law in any
particular country,or records of property ownership, or new systems to track real time secured data to
exemplify real-world response 4. System of Verification A system of verification is built through a broad, decentralized library that is communicable with the Lobbyvoice platform, tying all third parties with authentication, such as Maidsafe, into a value system –the values are the ones that are verifiable. They are verifiable because they have been put on an open wiki, hence each entry that is put in can come to a common vote to release the value held in the contract. Is the resolution of the issue true and correct? Has the appropriate governing agency acknowledged the resolution of the issue? Has the resolution been properly documented for future access and reference? Or is a system used instead that is created to both cause the obsolescence of the existing system, and to more accurately and efficiently handle the implementation of the resolutions to the issues? Whether it be a new bridge built, a law repealed, or a blockchain system implemented to record and maintain property ownership data, whatever the aim of the pledged issue, the users and applicants of Lobbyvoice can gain support for solutions to ideas through the pledge process, and can work to implement solutions in an open source manner, whatever those solutions may involve. 4. Smart Contracts Users’ pledges are combined and placed into a smart contract which is built on blockchain technology. Once that contract is created it’s basically like the ‘sword in the stone’ scenario, where only Arthur can come along and pull the sword, Arthur being the successful applicant that accomplishes a solution to a given issue. The smart contract is attached to every bitcoin transaction relating to an issue, thus creating a public record for each pledge. The value remains inside the smart contract until such time as the conditions of the issue are met. 5. Background Definition of Law: American Heritage Dictionary of English, 4th Edition, defines Law as: A rule of conduct or a procedure established by custom, agreement or authority; the body of rules and principles governing the affairs of a community and enforced by a political authority; a legal system; a condition of social order and justice created by adherence to such a system. We propose a new definition of the word ‘law’, one that denotes that any act of violence is not necessary to enforce it, one that is self-evident such as the Law of Gravity, and one that is rooted in factual history. This is the only model of a law that is respectable if we are to afford ourselves peace, freedom and safety, since any modern instance of enforcement of law as it is defined in relation to social order implies that a violent act is justified to ensure compliance, and is relatively subjective to the enforcer. A question to be considered in redefining the word ‘law’ as it pertains to social order: How can law be self-governing, self-enforcing? A smart contract can provide such a system of law that needs no such violence in order to enforce it, but is self-enforced solely by computation, and upheld by fact as supported by consensus and reputation.
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